Mathematics – Foundation Year

To the point

  • Counting
    • Count everything and ask them to count – buttons, toes, fingers, books, toys, anything, everything!
    • Play countdown games. 3, 2, 1 Go!
  • Read books about numbers and counting
  • Worksheets
    • Different ways of representing numbers
    • Days of the week diary
    • Times throughout the day diary
  • Compare and sort objects
    • Play sorting games based on color and size and ask questions.

 

The long bit with all the background detail

 “Children have the opportunity to access mathematical ideas by developing a sense of number, order, sequence and pattern; by understanding quantities and their representations; by learning about attributes of objects and collections, position, movement and direction, and by developing an awareness of the collection, presentation and variation of data and a capacity to make predictions about chance events.” http://www.australiancurriculum.edu.au

Make connections between number names, numerals and quantities up to 10.

  • Count things like buttons when dressing
  • Read counting books
  • Create a worksheet where the child can write the numeral, word, draw dots, pictures, and shapes with the specific number of sides

They compare objects using mass, length and capacity.

  • Distinguish between longer and shorter, bigger and smaller, and heavier and lighter. Compare things like sticks and stones. Draw shapes of various sizes. Compare objects as we pass them.
  • use play dough (or similar) to make “snakes” which are long and short. Then ask the child o find something in the room which is longer than each snake and shorter than each snake.

Students connect events and the days of the week.

  • Create a worksheet or diary on a page. Ask the child to draw or write about key events for each of the days of the week.

They explain the order and duration of events.

  • Ask the child what they did throughout the day.
  • Ask the child to explain the order of events or to draw pictures.
  • Provide the child with pictures, words or photographs and ask the child to order the objects. This might be pictures of playing, eating dinner, bath time, and sleeping.

They use appropriate language to describe location.

  • Play hide and seek with objects and talk about where they are. Under the table or above the fridge.
  • Spot trucks, bikes and other things as you drive along and say whether it is in front, behind, to the left or to the right.

Students count to and from 20 and order small collections.

  • Play count-down games, like 3, 2, 1 blast off!
  • Choose a number between 1 and 20 and write the number on a number line. Ask the child to write the numbers above and below the number.

They group objects based on common characteristics and sort shapes and objects.

  • Play sorting games based on color and size, such as sorting toys into big and small toys.

Students answer simple questions to collect information.

  • Play a sorting game with a series of objects and ask the child to sort the objects into three groups (based on colour or shape). Then ask a series of questions:
    • Which group has the most objects? How do you know?
    • Which group has the smallest number of objects? How do you know?
    • How many objects do you have in each group?
    • How can you make the groups have the same amount of objects? How do you know that they are the same?
    • Can you tell me which shape is first and second in the yellow collection? How do you know?
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